Co-refining Interactive Systems with Older Adults from Function, Form and Interaction


  • Kai KANG Eindhoven University of Technology
  • Jun HU Eindhoven University of Technology
  • Bart HENGEVELD Eindhoven University of Technology
  • Frens JOEP Eindhoven University of Technology
  • Caroline HUMMELS Eindhoven University of Technology



participatory design, older adults, interactive systems, refine


Designing interactive systems that are pragmatic, attractive and easy to use for older adults is challenging. Participatory design, as an approach to enhance the mutual understanding between designers and end users, has been proved to be useful to improve the quality of design for older people. However, PD research has long been criticized for extensively dealing with the early-phase design while putting less emphasis on the later stages. In this paper, we argue for the importance of collaborative refinement when designing interactive systems for older adults. Through a case study, we describe our experience of co-refining the preliminary design of an interactive system with older participants from three perspectives: function, form and interaction. We also explored to adopt some potential PD methods and conclude by discussing the effectiveness of the chosen approach and methods.




How to Cite

KANG , K. ., HU , J. ., HENGEVELD , B., JOEP , F. ., & HUMMELS , C. (2019). Co-refining Interactive Systems with Older Adults from Function, Form and Interaction. Conference Proceedings of the Academy for Design Innovation Management, 2(1), 28–39.