Series Editor: Erik Bohemia and Janne Beate Reitan

ADIM 2019 Editors:
Erik Bohemia, Academy for Design Innovation Management, United Kingdom
Gerda Gemser, RMIT University, Australia
Nuša Fain, Queen’s University, Canada
Cees de Bont, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
Rita Assoreira Almendra, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal

ADIM 2017 Editors:
Erik Bohemia, Academy for Design Innovation Management, United Kingdom
Cees de Bont, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
Lisbeth Svengren Holm, University of Gothenburg, Sweden

International Peer Review Scientific Board

Mersha Aftab, Northumbria University, United Kingdom
Marco Ajovalasit, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Canan Akoglu, Design School Kolding, Denmark
Rhea Alexander, Parsons School of Design, United States
Mauricy Alves da Motta Filho, University of Twente, Netherlands
Curtis Anderson, Brigham Young University, United States
Leah Armstrong, University of Applied Arts Vienna, Austria
Rita Assoreira Almendra, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
Andrea Augsten, University of Wuppertal, Germany
Nermin Azabagic, IBM Interactive/ RMIT University
Ehsan Baha, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands
Mark Bailey, Northumbria University, United Kingdom
Suchitra Balasubrahmanyan, Ambedkar University, Delhi, India
Brian Baldassarre, TU Delft, Netherlands
Neal Bangerter, Imperial College of Science, United Kingdom
Luc Beal, ESC Larochelle, France
Janne Beate Reitan, Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway
Angèle Beausoleil, Rotman School of Management, Toronto, Canada
Félix Bendito Muñoz de Cuerva, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain
Sucharita Beniwal, National Institute of Design, India
Estelle Berger, Strate Scool of Design, France
Mattia Bianchi, Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden
Mieke van der Bijl-Brouwer, University of Technology Sydney, Australia
Peter Bishop, University of Houston, United States
Bart Bluemink, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands
Guillaume Blum, Laval University, Canada
Nancy Bocken, Lund University, Sweden
Joanna Boehnert, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
Roberto Bologna, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italy
Brigitte Borja de Mozota, Designence, France
Stephen Boyd Davis, RCA, United Kingdom
Suzan Boztepe, Malmö University, Sweden
Jennifer Bratherton, Regent’s University London, United Kingdom
Úrsula Bravo, Universidad del Desarrollo & Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago Chile
Antonius van den Broek, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
Sarah Brooke Brooks, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States
Pablo Bris Marino, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain
Kaja Tooming Buchanan, Tongji University, United States
Sam Bucolo, Australia
Jörn Bühring, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Honk Kong
Kathryn Burns, Birmingham City University, United Kingdom
Jun Cai, Tsinghua University, China
Giulia Calabretta, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands
Robert Ian Campbell, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
Marina Candi, Reykjavik University, Iceland
Elena Caratti, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Philip Cash, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark
Cabirio Cautela, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Ming Cheung, Griffith University, Australia
Chrystia Chudczak, University of Ottawa, Canada
Mark Clark, American University, United States
Jesper Clement, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Matteo Ciastellard, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Rachel Cooper, Lancaster University, United Kingdom
Alice Comi, Kingston Business School, United Kingdom
Catalina Cortés, Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago Chile
Paul Coulton, Lancaster University, United Kingdom
Henri Hubertus Christiaans, UNIST, South Korea
Alexandra Lara Crosby, UTS, Australia
Cees de Bont, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
Fleur Deken, VU University, the Netheland
Federico Del Giorgio Solfa, National University of La Plata, Argentina
Claudio Dell’Era, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Thomas Dickson, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Jan-Carel Diehl, TU Delft,the Netheland
Ingvild Digranes, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway
Jelle van Dijk, University of Twente, the Netherlands
Felipe Domingues, State University of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Steven Dorrestijn, Saxion University of Applied Sciences, the Netherlands
Kees Dorst, University of Technology Sydney, Australia
Katarzyna Dziewanowska, University of Warsaw, Poland
Carlos Alberto Duarte, IADE/ Universidade Europeia, Portugal
Katarina Wetter, Edman, Örebro university, Sweden
Wouter Eggink University of Twente, the Netherlands
Nabil El-Hilali, ESCA École de Management, Morocco
John Ensor, Edinburgh Napier University, United Kingdom
Özlem Er, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey
Ozgur Eris, The MITRE Corporation, United States
Mark Evans, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
Nusa Fain, Queen’s University, Canada
Jurgen Faust, Macromedia University of Applied Sciences, Germany
Daniel Fitton, University of Central Lancashire, United Kingdom
Georgina Louise Follett, University of Dundee, United Kingdom
Aaron Fry, Parsons School of Design, United States
Gorm Gabrielsen, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Bo Gao, Tongji University, China
Idil Gaziulusoy, Aalto University, Finland
Gerda Gemser, RMIT University, Australia
Aysar Ghassan, Coventry University, United Kingdom
Joseph Giacomin, Brunel University London, United Kingdom
Voula Gkatzidou, Brunel University London, United Kingdom
Miaosen Gong, Jiangnan University, China
Fan Fei, Tongji University, China
Juliana Goga-Cooke, Loughborough University London, United Kingdom
Miaosen Gong, Jiangnan University, China
Manto Gotsi, Westminster Business School, United Kingdom
Daniel Graff, Loughborough University London, United Kingdom
Selena Griffith, University of New South Wales, Australia
Stefano Gualeni, University of Malta, Malta
Calin Gurau, Montpellier Business School, France
Adrian Haberberg, Independent, United Kingdom
David Hands, Lancaster University, United Kingdom
Michael Andrew, Hann, University of Leeds, United Kingdom
Preben Hansen, Stockholm University, Sweden
Brian Harney, Dublin City University; Ireland
Gillian Harvey, University of Alberta, Canada
Gulay Hasdogan, Middle East Technical University, Turkey
Nile Hatch, Brigham Young University, United States
Anders Haug, Southern Danish University, Denmark
Stefan Holmlid, Linköping University, Sweden
Gabor Horvath, University of South Wales, United Kingdom
Zaana Howard, McKinsey and Company, Australia
Bryan Howell, Brigham Young University, United States
Yen Hsu, Tatung University, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Fei Hu, Guangdong University of Technology, China
Liesbeth Huybrechts, University of Hasselt, Belgium
Claudine Jaenichen, Chapman University, United States
Julie Jenson Bennett, Precipice Design, United Kingdom
Birgit Helene Jevnaker, BI Norwegian Business School, Norway
Julia Jonas, FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany
Derek Jones, The Open University, United Kingdom
Peter Jones, OCAD in full please, Canada
Jaewoo Joo, Kookmin University, Korea
Sarah JS Wilner, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Sabine Junginger, Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Switzerland
Titta Jylkäs, University of Lapland, Finland
Ingo Karpen, RMIT University, Australia
Çiğdem Kaya, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey
Harun Kaygan, Middle East Technical University, Turkey
Pınar Kaygan, Middle East Technical University, Turkey
Anna Keilbach, RMIT Melbourne, Australia
Peter, Kelly, Aalto University, Finland
Anthony, Kent, Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom
Euiyoung Kim, University of California, Berkeley, United States
Yong Se, Kim, Sungkyunkwan University, South Korea
Nico Klenner, RMIT University, Australia
John Knight, Aalto University, Finland
Fatma Korkut, Middle East Technical University, Turkey
Anika Kozlowska, Ryerson University, Canada
Tore Kristensen, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Essi Kuure, University of Lapland, Finland
Ksenija Kuzmina, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
Jo’Anne Langham, University of Queensland, Australia
Jeanne Liedtka, University of Virginia, United States
Andre Liem, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway
Arnhild Liene Stenersen, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway
Christine de Lille, TU Delft, Netherlands
Tingyi S. Lin, National Taiwan University of Science & Technology, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Joseph Lindley, Lancaster University, United Kingdom
Sylvia Xihui Liu, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Tsai Lu Liu, North Carolina State University, United States
Wei, Liu, Tongji University, China
Xin Liu, Tsinghua university, China
Cathy Anne Lockhart, University of Technology Sydney, Australia
Dan Lockton, Carnegie Mellon University, United States
Vicky Lofthouse, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
Yongqi Lou, Tongji University, China
Yuan Lu, Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands
Dingbang Luh, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Eva Lutnæs, Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway
Stefano Magistretti, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Dominik Mahr, Maastricht University the Netherlands
Anja Maier, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark
Ezio Manzini, ELISABA, Spain
Ruth Mateus-Berr, University of Applied Arts Vienna, Austria
Sahil Mathur, National Institute of Design, India
Paul Matthyssens, Antwerp Management School, Belgium
Chris Mattson, Brigham Young University, United States
John McCardle, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
Elspeth McKay, RMIT University, Australia
Liv Merete Nielsen, Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway
Kerstin Mey, University of Limerick, Ireland
Satu Miettinen, University of Lapland, Finland
Katja Mihelič, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Karen Miller, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
Nicola Morelli, Aalborg University, Copenhagen, Denmark
Gloria Moss, Buckinghamshire New University, United Kingdom
James Moultrie, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
Mia Münster, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Darragh , Murphy, DUCO, Brazil
Shinya Nagasawa, Waseda University, Japan
Ki-Young, Nam, KAIST, South Korea
Adam Nash, RMIT University, Australia
Ulises Navarro Aguiar, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Kirsi Niinimäki, Aalto University, Finland
Ida Nilstad Pettersen, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway
Nithikul Nimkulrat, Estonian Academy of Arts, Estonia
Lesley-Ann Noel, Stanford University, United States
Dominika Noworolska, Nowo & Associates, United Kingdom
Åsa Öberg, Politecnico di Milano, Sweden
Luis Oliveira, University of Warwick, United Kingdom
Işıl Oygür, Özyeğin University, Turkey
Frédérique Pain, Strate Scool of Design, France
Lia Patricio, University of Porto, Portugal
Neil Paulsen, University of Queensland, Australia
Elena Pellizzoni, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Cilla Pemberton, The University of the West Indies
Oscar Person, Aalto University, Finland
Fiona Peterson, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
Ingrid Pettersson, Volvo Cars, Sweden
Fernando Pinto Santos, Aalto University School of Business, Finland
Marco Pironti, University of Torino, Italy
Irini Pitsaki, Northumbria University, United Kingdom
Silvia Pizzocaro, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Mia Porko-Hudd, Åbo Akademi University, Finland
Alun John Price, Edith Cowan University, Australia
Rebecca Price, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands
Song Qiu, Tsinghua University, China
Lucia Rampino, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Mark Randall, Parsons School of Design, United States
Anniken Randers-Pehrson, University of Southeast-Norway, Norway
Ingo Rauth, IE Business School, Madrid, Spain
Dina Riccó, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Alison Rieple, University of Westminster, United Kingdom
Timo Rissanen, Parsons School of Design, Unnited States
Aidan Rowe, University of Alberta, Canada
Michele Rusk, Northumbria University, United Kingdom
Chirryl-Lee Ryan, Idean, United States
Noemi Sadowska, Regent, United Kingdom
Vilvapathy Sakthivel, National Institute of Design, India
Juan Sanin, RMIT University, Australia
Laura Santamaria, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
Melanie Sarantou, the University of Lapland, Finland
Kaisu Savola, Aalto University, Finland
Jochen Schweitzer, University of Technology Sydney, Australia
Nina Scott Frisch, Queen Mauds University College of Early Childhood Education, Norway
Peter Scupelli, Carnegie Mellon University, United States
Katherine Sellen, OCADU, Canada
Hugues Seraphin, University of Winchester, United Kingdom
Katarina Serulus, KU Leuven, Belgium
Mathilde, Serup, Royal Academy of Fine Arts, Denmark
Zhabiz Shafieyoun, University of Illinois Urbana- Champaign, United States
Yongjiang Shi, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
Luca Simeone, Logic Moon, Sweden
Lianne Simonse, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands
Matt Sinclair, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
Else Skjold, Design School Kolding, Denmark
Frido Smulders, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands
Marja Soila-Wadman, Gothenburg University, Sweden
Cristina Sousa Rocha, LNEG, Portugal
Julio Carlos de Souza van der Linden, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Paul Springer, University of East London, United Kingdom
Liesbeth Stam, KU Leuven, Belgium
Ileana Stigliani, Imperial College, United Kingdom
Kana Sugimoto, Mentor Inc., Japan
Qian Sun, Royal College of Art, United Kingdom
Tung-Jun Sung, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taiwan
Lisbeth Svengren Holm, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Oliver Szasz, Macromedia University of Applied Sciences, Germany
Pia Kristiina, Tamminen, Nexec Oy, Finland
Jurgen Tanghe, LiveWork & Delft University of Technology, Netherlands
Virginia Tassinari, LUCA School of Arts, Belgium
Francesca Tassistro, Avanade, Italy
Ida Telalbasic, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
Maurizio Teli, Aalborg University, Denmark
Andres Tellez, Universidad Jorge Tadeo Lozano, Colombia
Cha Chi Teng, Brigham Young University, United States
Nina Terrey, University of Canberra, Australia
Elçin Tezel, Bahçeşehir University, Turkey
Clemens Thornquist, University of Borås, Sweden
Cameron Tonkinwise, University of Technology Sydney, Australia
Daniel Trabucchi, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Afonso Nuno Borges,  Universidade da Beira Interior, Portugal
Louise Valentine, University of Dundee, United Kingdom
Francesca Valsecchi, Tongji University, Shanghai, China
Jeroen, van Erp, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands
Arne, van Oosterom, Design Thinkers Group, Netherlands
Stephanie VandenBerg, University of Calgary, Canada
Matti Vartiainen, Aalto University, Finland
Roberto Verganti, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
José Vicente, Universidade da Beira Interior, Portugal
Nikola Vukasinovic, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Beverly Wagner, University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom
Vanissa Wanick, University of Southampton, United Kingdom
Frithjof Wegener, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands
Wan-Li Wei, Ming Chuan University, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Anna Whicher, Cardiff Metropolitan University, United Kingdom
Robert Ian Whitfield, University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom
Paul Wilson, University of Leeds, United Kingdom
Heather Wiltse, Umeå Institute of Design, Sweden
Charlotta Windahl, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Fabiane Wolff, Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos/ UNISINOS, Brazil
David Wood, Northumbria University, United Kingdom
Cara Wrigley, University of Sydney, Australia
Joyce Yee, University of Northumbria, United Kingdom
YuanYuan Yin, University of Southampton, United Kingdom
Youngjin Yoo, Case University, Uniyted States
Soe-Tsyr Daphne, Yuan, National Chengchi University, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Salvatore Zingale, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Osmar Zózimo, Journal of Modern Project Management, Brazil
Francesco Zurlo, Politecnico di Milano, Italy